The Himalayan region of Nepal always remained backward and marginalized area in Nepal. Since history, the region always remained unconnected with the state and state mechanism. The culture, traditions, and practices of this region always remained unnoticed to the state actor and the institution. The political boundary was under the jurisdiction of the government of Nepal, but the people of this place never enjoyed the political rights and the privilege of the state mechanism. There are 15 districts of Nepal adjoining Tibet, and the people of the northern part of this districts have many socio-cultural commonalities with the people of Tibet. The political boundary divided the people and marked them as Tibetan and Nepalese, but the ecologically always united them.
The people of the Himalayan region don’t follow either a caste system or carry surname. But as a requirement of the Nepali state, people of the Himalayan region were compelled to accept the caste and surname provided by the so-called Hindu Bahun state agency based on their observation of the physical structure of the people. There are many people still we can find in the Himalayan region carrying different surname like Tamang, Gurung, etc., but they are not, and the surname and the caste were added by the state agency at the time of making either citizenship or to get admission in the public schools. There is also incidence that the state agency, especially the government officials changing the name of the people because of difficult to pronounce and write properly in citizenship and other documents that need registration in the different institution of the Nepal government. These are only basic examples that we can easily find, but there are many socio-cultural and practices issues which are still not understood by the people and institution belong to the government of Nepal.
Thus, the HDS is an initiative to bring all those issues under discussion, so that people of the other region also knows the problem and most importantly provide findings of such discussion to the respective government bodies.